Claude-Paul Taffanel (1844-1908)
Paul Taffanel is usually considered the founder of
Flute School that became dominant in mid-20th century
western Europe and America. He studied at the Paris
Louis Dorus, who introduced the Boehm
flute there, graduating in 1860. For the next 30
years he pursued a brilliant career as a soloist and
as an orchestral player, as one of a group of French
musicians who made strenuous efforts to develop a national
When Taffanel became Professor of Flute at the Conservatoire
in 1893 he revised the institute's repertoire and teaching
methods, reintroducing works by foreign composers and
by those of earlier generations, including Bach.
Taffanel's pupils learned to play in a new, smoother
style that included a light and carefully-modulated
Taffanel began work on a history of the flute and a
method book, both of which were completed after his
death by his pupils Louis Fleury and Philippe Gaubert.
Claude Dorgeuille's The French Flute School,
1860-1950 is now permanently out of print.