Contemporary 'extended' techniques
Jazz musicians of the early
20th century deliberately played outside the 'proper'
limits of tone and pitch, and used improvisation in
place of written compositions. In a similar way musicians
looking for fresh sounds invented new techniques for
blowing and, fingering the flute, and even using its
percussive possibilities, during another experimental
period in the 1950s and 60s.
The 'extended' techniques include microtones and multiphonics,
whistle-tones and whisper-tones, humming, slap-tones,
unpitched air noises, and electronically manipulated
Mats Möller's New Sounds for Flute page
Robin Mason Horne's Extended Techniques Resource Page
An ordinary open-hole flute can play many microtones,
but special types of flute have also been developed
to extend the possibilities. Read more on the
Modern flute page.